Castle Law: California Employment Counsel, PC

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The California Industrial Welfare Commission (IWC) sets labor standards, including Wage Order No. 16-2001 for sectors like construction and mining. In George Huerta v. CSI Electrical Contractors (2024), the California Supreme Court ruled that security checks, certain intra-premises travel, and on-site meal breaks count as compensable “hours worked,” underscoring employer control as a key factor.

California’s Fair Employment and Housing Act (FEHA) allows for “mixed motive” cases where disability need not be the sole cause but a significant factor in employment decisions. Lin v. Kaiser Foundation Hospitals (2023) exemplifies the application of “mixed motive” analysis, demonstrating the challenges and nuances in distinguishing between legitimate business decisions and discriminatory practices, and

In Hittle v. City of Stockton, former fire chief Ronald Hittle claimed religious discrimination, citing remarks by the deputy city manager. Despite Hittle’s attempts to use the comments as evidence, the Ninth Circuit upheld the city’s summary judgment, emphasizing the insufficiency of the remarks in meeting the criteria to defeat summary judgment and the city’s

The Ending Forced Arbitration of Sexual Assault and Sexual Harassment Act, effective March 3, 2022, invalidates prior arbitration agreements for sexual assault or harassment disputes. In Kader v. Southern California Medical Center, Inc. (2024), a California Court of Appeal clarified that a “dispute” arises when a party asserts a right, claim, or demand, not when